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  • ID number
    10000141
  • Full name
    Michael Phelps
  • native name
    Michael Fred Phelps II
  • Nickname
    Flying Fish | The Baltimore Bullet
  • Province/state
    Baltimore
  • Birth date
    1985-06-30
  • Height (cm)
    193
  • Weight (kg)
    88 kg
Biography

Michael Fred Phelps II (born June 30, 1985) is an American former competitive swimmer. He is the most successful and most decorated Olympian of all time with a total of 28 medals. Phelps also holds the all-time records for Olympic gold medals (23), Olympic gold medals in individual events (13), and Olympic medals in individual events (16). At the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens, Phelps tied the record of eight medals of any color at a single Games, held by gymnast Alexander Dityatin, by winning six gold and two bronze medals. Four years later, when he won eight gold medals at the 2008 Beijing Games, he broke fellow American swimmer Mark Spitz's 1972 record of seven first-place finishes at any single Olympic Games. At the 2012 Summer Olympics in London, Phelps won four gold and two silver medals, and at the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro, he won five gold medals and one silver. This made him the most successful athlete of the Games for the fourth Olympics in a row.


Phelps was the long course world record holder in the men's 400-meter individual medley as well as the former long course world record holder in the 200-meter freestyle, 100-meter butterfly, 200-meter butterfly, and 200-meter individual medley. He has won 82 medals in major international long course competitions, of which 65 were gold, 14 silver, and three bronze, spanning the Olympics, the World Championships, and the Pan Pacific Championships. Phelps's international titles and record-breaking performances have earned him the World Swimmer of the Year Award eight times and American Swimmer of the Year Award eleven times, as well as the FINA Swimmer of the Year Award in 2012 and 2016. Phelps earned Sports Illustrated magazine's Sportsman of the Year award due to his unprecedented Olympic success in the 2008 Games.


After the 2008 Summer Olympics, Phelps started the Michael Phelps Foundation, which focuses on growing the sport of swimming and promoting healthier lifestyles. Phelps retired following the 2012 Olympics, but he made a comeback in April 2014. At the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro, his fifth Olympics, he was selected by his team to be the flag bearer of the United States at the 2016 Summer Olympics Parade of Nations. He announced his second retirement on August 12, 2016, having won more medals than 161 countries. He is widely regarded as the greatest swimmer of all time and is often considered to be one of the greatest athletes of all time.


Early life

Phelps was born in Baltimore, Maryland, and raised in the Rodgers Forge neighborhood of nearby Towson. He attended Rodgers Forge Elementary, Dumbarton Middle School, and Towson High School. Phelps is the youngest of three children. His mother, Deborah Sue "Debbie" Phelps (née Davisson), is a middle school principal. His father, Michael Fred Phelps, was a retired Maryland State Trooper who played football in high school and college and tried out for the team now known as the Washington Commanders in the 1970s. Phelps is of English, German, Irish, Scottish, and Welsh descent. His parents divorced in 1994 when he was nine years old, and his father remarried in 2000. Phelps later revealed that the divorce had a severe negative impact on him and his siblings, and his relationship with his father was distant for a few years after the divorce. He graduated from Towson High School in 2003.


Phelps began swimming at the age of seven, partly because of the influence of his sisters and partly to provide him with an outlet for his energy. After retirement in 2016, he stated "The only reason I ever got in the water was my mom wanted me to just learn how to swim. My sisters and myself fell in love with the sport, and we decided to swim." When Phelps was in the sixth grade, he was diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). By the age of 10, he held a national record for his age group (in the 100-meter butterfly) and began to train at the North Baltimore Aquatic Club under coach Bob Bowman. More age group records followed, and as of August 21, 2018, Phelps still held 11 age group records, eight in long course, and three in short course.

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    Medal record
    Men's swimming
    Representing the  United States
    Event1st2nd3rd
    Olympic Games2332
    World Championships (LC)2661
    World Championships (SC)100
    Pan Pacific Championships1650
    Total66143
    By race
    Event1st2nd3rd
    100 m butterfly830
    200 m butterfly1020
    200 m medley920
    400 m medley600
    200 m freestyle421
    200 m backstroke010
    4×100 m freestyle722
    4×200 m freestyle1120
    4×100 m medley1100
    Total66143
    Olympic Games
    Gold medal – first place2004 Athens100 m butterfly
    Gold medal – first place2004 Athens200 m butterfly
    Gold medal – first place2004 Athens200 m medley
    Gold medal – first place2004 Athens400 m medley
    Gold medal – first place2004 Athens4×200 m freestyle
    Gold medal – first place2004 Athens4×100 m medley
    Gold medal – first place2008 Beijing200 m freestyle
    Gold medal – first place2008 Beijing100 m butterfly
    Gold medal – first place2008 Beijing200 m butterfly
    Gold medal – first place2008 Beijing200 m medley
    Gold medal – first place2008 Beijing400 m medley
    Gold medal – first place2008 Beijing4×100 m freestyle
    Gold medal – first place2008 Beijing4×200 m freestyle
    Gold medal – first place2008 Beijing4×100 m medley
    Gold medal – first place2012 London100 m butterfly
    Gold medal – first place2012 London200 m medley
    Gold medal – first place2012 London4×200 m freestyle
    Gold medal – first place2012 London4×100 m medley
    Gold medal – first place2016 Rio de Janeiro200 m butterfly
    Gold medal – first place2016 Rio de Janeiro200 m medley
    Gold medal – first place2016 Rio de Janeiro4×100 m freestyle
    Gold medal – first place2016 Rio de Janeiro4×200 m freestyle
    Gold medal – first place2016 Rio de Janeiro4×100 m medley
    Silver medal – second place2012 London200 m butterfly
    Silver medal – second place2012 London4×100 m freestyle
    Silver medal – second place2016 Rio de Janeiro100 m butterfly
    Bronze medal – third place2004 Athens200 m freestyle
    Bronze medal – third place2004 Athens4×100 m freestyle
    World Championships (LC)
    Gold medal – first place2001 Fukuoka200 m butterfly
    Gold medal – first place2003 Barcelona200 m butterfly
    Gold medal – first place2003 Barcelona200 m medley
    Gold medal – first place2003 Barcelona400 m medley
    Gold medal – first place2003 Barcelona4×100 m medley
    Gold medal – first place2005 Montreal200 m freestyle
    Gold medal – first place2005 Montreal200 m medley
    Gold medal – first place2005 Montreal4×100 m freestyle
    Gold medal – first place2005 Montreal4×200 m freestyle
    Gold medal – first place2005 Montreal4×100 m medley
    Gold medal – first place2007 Melbourne200 m freestyle
    Gold medal – first place2007 Melbourne100 m butterfly
    Gold medal – first place2007 Melbourne200 m butterfly
    Gold medal – first place2007 Melbourne200 m medley
    Gold medal – first place2007 Melbourne400 m medley
    Gold medal – first place2007 Melbourne4×100 m freestyle
    Gold medal – first place2007 Melbourne4×200 m freestyle
    Gold medal – first place2009 Rome100 m butterfly
    Gold medal – first place2009 Rome200 m butterfly
    Gold medal – first place2009 Rome4×100 m freestyle
    Gold medal – first place2009 Rome4×200 m freestyle
    Gold medal – first place2009 Rome4×100 m medley
    Gold medal – first place2011 Shanghai100 m butterfly
    Gold medal – first place2011 Shanghai200 m butterfly
    Gold medal – first place2011 Shanghai4×200 m freestyle
    Gold medal – first place2011 Shanghai4×100 m medley
    Silver medal – second place2003 Barcelona100 m butterfly
    Silver medal – second place2003 Barcelona4×200 m freestyle
    Silver medal – second place2005 Montreal100 m butterfly
    Silver medal – second place2009 Rome200 m freestyle
    Silver medal – second place2011 Shanghai200 m freestyle
    Silver medal – second place2011 Shanghai200 m medley
    Bronze medal – third place2011 Shanghai4×100 m freestyle
    World Championships (SC)
    Gold medal – first place2004 Indianapolis200 m freestyle
    Pan Pacific Championships
    Gold medal – first place2002 Yokohama200 m medley
    Gold medal – first place2002 Yokohama400 m medley
    Gold medal – first place2002 Yokohama4×100 m medley
    Gold medal – first place2006 Victoria200 m butterfly
    Gold medal – first place2006 Victoria200 m medley
    Gold medal – first place2006 Victoria400 m medley
    Gold medal – first place2006 Victoria4×100 m freestyle
    Gold medal – first place2006 Victoria4×200 m freestyle
    Gold medal – first place2010 Irvine100 m butterfly
    Gold medal – first place2010 Irvine200 m butterfly
    Gold medal – first place2010 Irvine4×100 m freestyle
    Gold medal – first place2010 Irvine4×200 m freestyle
    Gold medal – first place2010 Irvine4×100 m medley
    Gold medal – first place2014 Gold Coast100 m butterfly
    Gold medal – first place2014 Gold Coast4×200 m freestyle
    Gold medal – first place2014 Gold Coast4×100 m medley
    Silver medal – second place2002 Yokohama200 m butterfly
    Silver medal – second place2002 Yokohama4×200 m freestyle
    Silver medal – second place2006 Victoria200 m backstroke
    Silver medal – second place2014 Gold Coast200 m medley
    Silver medal – second place2014 Gold Coast4×100 m freestyle